Type 2 diabetes develops when the pancreas is unable to make the right amount of insulin or when the body can’t process insulin at the normal rates. Unlike type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes is often preventable and the risk can be reduced with healthy lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise.
Typically, type 2 diabetes is diagnosed in adults approximately 40 years old or older.
Symptoms and Diagnosis of Type 2 Diabetes
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes can include:
- Increased hunger or thirst
- Dry mouth
- Blurred vision
- Increased urination
- Feeling tired or weak
To diagnose type 2 diabetes, your primary care physician will perform a physical exam, get information on your family medical history and take a blood test. After diagnosis, your primary care physician can refer you to a certified diabetes educator and provide you with necessary medication and monitoring.
Treatment Options for Type 2 Diabetes
If your diabetes is difficult to control, or you develop complications, you may be referred to the Division of Endocrinology, where a team will be assembled to help you control your diabetes. Your care team may include an endocrinologist, certified diabetes educator, dietician and/or nurse practitioners, who work together to give you the tools to independently manage your condition.
Your team will assist you with glucose monitoring, diet, weight loss and exercise, and help you understand your medication regimen in order for you to take control of your diabetes.
The endocrinology and diabetes team also collaborates with other specialists in ophthalmology, neurology and nephrology to advise and effectively treat any complications or other conditions caused by diabetes.
For More Information
For more information about type 2 diabetes, please call 847.663.8540.