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U.S. Preventive Services Task Force and American Diabetes Association recommend that all women who are not already diagnosed with diabetes be screened for gestational diabetes after the 24th week of pregnancy.footnote 1footnote 2 Most women are screened for gestational diabetes between the 24th and 28th weeks of pregnancy.
Even though your gestational diabetes
will probably go away after your baby is born, you are at risk for gestational diabetes again and for type 2 diabetes later in life.
Up to 60 out of 100 women who develop
gestational diabetes will develop type 2 diabetes later in life.footnote 3
You may also have a follow-up glucose tolerance test 4 to 12 weeks after your
baby is born or after you stop breastfeeding your baby. If the results of this
test are normal, you will still need to be tested
for type 2 diabetes at
least every 3 years. If that test shows that your blood sugar is slightly high,
you may have a condition called
prediabetes. If you have prediabetes, you can help
prevent type 2 diabetes by changing the way you eat, exercising regularly, and
being tested for diabetes every year. For more information, see the topic
If you want to get pregnant again, you should be
tested for type 2 diabetes before you become pregnant.
For more information, see the topic Gestational
American Diabetes Association (2014). Diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Care, 37(Suppl 1): S81-S90.
DOI: 10.2337/dc14-S081. Accessed April 27, 2017.
U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (2014). Screening for gestational diabetes mellitus. http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf/uspsgdm.htm. Accessed January 16, 2014.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2011). National Diabetes Fact Sheet, 2011. Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Available online: http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pubs/pdf/ndfs_2011.pdf.
Other Works Consulted
American Diabetes Association (2017). Standards of medical care in diabetes-2017. Diabetes Care, 40(Suppl 1): S1-S135. http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/40/Supplement_1. Accessed December 15, 2016.
ByHealthwise StaffPrimary Medical ReviewerKathleen Romito, MD - Family MedicineAdam Husney, MD - Family MedicineSpecialist Medical ReviewerRebecca Sue Uranga, MD - Obstetrics and GynecologyFemi Olatunbosun, MB, FRCSC - Obstetrics and Gynecology
Current as ofJune 1, 2017
Current as of:
June 1, 2017
Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
& Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine & Rebecca Sue Uranga, MD - Obstetrics and Gynecology & Femi Olatunbosun, MB, FRCSC - Obstetrics and Gynecology
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