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Chromosome analysis—also known as karyotype—is a test to find the
size, shape, and number of chromosomes in a sample of body cells. Chromosome
analysis can be done on blood, tissue, or cells from amniotic fluid (the fluid
that surrounds the baby in the womb).
Extra or missing chromosomes, or abnormal positions of chromosome pieces, can
cause problems with a person's growth, development, and body functions.
Chromosome analysis can help find out if:
Current as of:
October 13, 2016
Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine & Martin J. Gabica, MD - Family Medicine & Siobhan M. Dolan, MD, MPH - Reproductive Genetics
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