Testicular Cancer: Symptoms, Screening and Diagnosis
Testicular Cancer Symptoms & Risk Factors
More than 8,000 men are diagnosed with testicular cancer each year in the United States, according to the National Cancer Institute. Testicular cancer accounts for 1 percent of all cancers in men and is the most common form of cancer in men 15 to 40 years old.
Scientists have yet to identify the exact cause of testicular cancer, but several predisposing factors seem to increase risk. These include:
Testicular cancer symptoms may not always be prevalent, but some possible disease indicators include:
- Enlarged testicle
- A lump or swelling in either testicle
- Dull ache in the back or lower abdomen
- Testicular discomfort/pain or a feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
- Personal or family history of testicular cancer
If you're experiencing any of the above testicular cancer symptoms, you should contact your physician for an appointment.
Testicular Cancer Screening & Diagnosis
When having a testicular cancer screening, your doctor will perform a physical exam and order further testing, including:
- Blood tests
- CAT scans of the body
If a diagnosis of testicular cancer is made, a physician will determine the severity or stage of the cancer, including whether it has spread to other areas of the body. Each cancer type has its own classification system. Treatment will be recommended based on the stage and type of cancer.
NorthShore University HealthSystem physicians and the team at the Kellogg Cancer Center work collaboratively and are dedicated to putting patients and families at the center of a healthcare experience that delivers compassionate, quality care.
Every week, our multi-specialty team meets to discuss each patient’s case in detail and to design a personalized treatment plan. Your team may include your medical oncologist, surgeon, radiation oncologist, nurse, genetics counselor, pathologist, nutritionist, interventional radiologist, and researchers focused on you. This meeting of the minds provides each patient with an individualized care plant to create the path for the most successful outcome. Our approach emphasizes open communication, collaborating with each other personally and through one of the most advanced electronic medical records systems in the country.