Cataracts are clouding within the eye’s lens made up of protein build-up. The prolonged appearance of cataracts distorts light that passes through to the retina, leading to a range of vision problems. The disease is progressive, with causes including:
- Previous eye injury
- Previous eye surgery
- Prolonged use of corticosteroids
- Excess exposure to sunlight
- Additional health problems
At NorthShore, our multi-specialty team provides accurate diagnosis and effective treatment options, including cataract surgery to remove the affected lens, and long-term vision aids.
Many patients are not aware they have cataracts until the disease has progressed or they have been examined by an ophthalmologist. Patients may experience some of the following symptoms:
- Cloudy, fuzzy or foggy vision
- Frequent changes in eyesight (noticeable for those who wear prescription eyewear)
- Double vision
- Sensitivity to bright lighting
- Halos in vision
- Poor night vision
- Changes in color vision
Cataract Screening and Diagnosis
Your NorthShore ophthalmologist can diagnose cataracts through a standard eye exam, which includes:
Your ophthalmologist may also request an A-scan to measure eye length, and discuss family history to determine whether your glaucoma has a genetic factor.
Cataract Treatment Options
The treatment of cataracts depends on the severity of the condition. When cataracts are diagnosed early, our team will provide suggestions for the appropriate prescription eyewear to help improve your vision while continuing to monitor your condition.
For those whose cataracts have caused significant damage to their eyesight, The Eye and Vision Center can perform cataract surgery. During this procedure, a small incision is made to the side of the cornea to allow your surgeon to remove the clouded lens and replace it with an intraocular lens implant. This common surgery takes less than an hour, and only requires local anesthesia, allowing patients to leave the same day as their treatment. Afterwards, patients will be prescribed eye drops, and will need up to 8 weeks to recuperate, making sure not to touch or irritate the affected eye.
For More Information
For more information on cataracts, or to schedule an appointment with an ophthalmologist, please contact 224.251.2020.