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Tricia Angeline Moo-Young, M.D.

Tricia Angeline Moo-Young, M.D.

Tricia Angeline Moo-Young, M.D.

Thyroid/Parathyroid/Adrenal Surgery
  • Locations

    NorthShore Medical Group

    757 Park Ave. West
    Suite 2850
    Highland Park, IL 60035
    847.570.1700 847.733.5295 fax Get Directions This location is wheelchair accessible.

    NorthShore Medical Group

    225 N. Milwaukee Ave.
    Suite 1500
    Vernon Hills, IL 60061
    847.570.1700 847.733.5295 fax Get Directions This location is wheelchair accessible.
  • Publications
    • Aggressive variants of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma are associated with high-risk features, but not decreased survival.

      Surgery 2019 Oct 15

      Authors: Holoubek SA, Yan H, Khokar AH, Kuchta KM, Winchester DJ, Prinz RA, Moo-Young TA
      This study compares pathologic features and overall survival of classic versus aggressive variants of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PMTC).
      Patients ≥18 years in the National Cancer Data Base (2004-2015) with the subtypes of classic (cPTMC), tall cell (mTCV), or diffuse sclerosing (mDSV) PTC (≤1 cm) were identified. Overall survival was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier and propensity matched for clinicopathologic and treatment variables.
      There were 82,056 cPTMC patients, 923 mTCV, and 219 mDSV. Extrathyroidal extension and nodal involvement were more frequent in mTCV and mDSV versus cPTMC (P < .01). mTCV had more distant metastases than cPTMC (P = .02). On multivariable analysis, mTCV (odds ratio 4.19 [3.58-4.92], P < .001) and mDSV (odds ratio 2.76 [1.92-3.97]; P < .01) histologies were predictors of extrathyroidal extension. mTCV was an independent predictor of nodal metastases (odds ratio 1.51 [1.25-1.83], P < .01). Total thyroidectomy and radioactive iodine treatment were more commonly used in mTCV and mDSV patients when compared with cPTMC patients. Despite more aggressive features and more aggressive treatment in mTCV and mDSV patients, there was no difference in overall survival when compared with propensity-matched cPTMC patients.
      Although mTCV and mDSV have more aggressive pathologic features and were treated more aggressively, there were no differences in overall survival compared with propensity-matched cPTMC patients.
      PMID: 31627846 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
    • Epigenetic chromatin conformation changes in peripheral blood can detect thyroid cancer.

      Surgery 2019 01

      Authors: Yan H, Hunter E, Akoulitchev A, Park P, Winchester DJ, Moo-Young TA, Prinz RA
      Fine needle aspiration has been the traditional method for diagnosing thyroid cancer. Epigenetic chromatin conformation changes offer an alternative method of diagnosing cancer. The purpose of this study is to evaluate an EpiSwitch assay of epigenetic markers that can be used to diagnose thyroid cancer in blood samples.
      From 2014 to 2016, adult patients with thyroid nodules having thyroidectomy were recruited and grouped based on benign, malignant, and atypia of undetermined significance or follicular lesions of undetermined significance fine needle aspiration cytology. Blood samples were collected before surgery. Final pathologic diagnosis was made from the thyroid specimens. Patients' blood samples were analyzed using the EpiSwitch assay, (Oxford Biodynamics, Oxford, UK), and the results were compared with surgical pathology to determine assay performance.
      In total, 58 patients were recruited: 20 benign, 20 malignant, and 18 atypia or follicular lesions of undetermined significance. An analysis of the malignant and benign fine needle aspiration groups found 6 epigenetic markers for thyroid. A total of 28 (48%) patients had thyroid cancer. The assay was able to correctly identify 25 of the 28 malignant nodules, showing sensitivity of 89.3% and specificity of 66.7%. The positive predictive value for the assay was 71.4%, whereas the negative predictive value was 87.0%.
      An epigenetic assay of peripheral blood shows high sensitivity in detecting thyroid cancer and provides an additional method for its diagnosis.
      PMID: 30377001 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
    • Degree of hypercalcemia correlates with parathyroidectomy but not with symptoms.

      American journal of surgery 2019 Mar

      Authors: Yan H, Calcatera N, Moo-Young TA, Prinz RA, Winchester DJ
      Primary hyperparathyroidism (HPT) is an undertreated disease. This study's purpose is to determine if the calcium levels correlate with prevalence of symptoms and surgical treatment in patients with primary HPT.
      Patients treated in 2006-2015 with serum calcium≥10.0 mg/dL and PTH>65 pg/mL were identified and stratified based on calcium level: 10.0-10.3 (normocalcemia), 10.4-11.2 (moderate), and ≥11.3 (severe) mg/dL. Clinical variables and rates of surgery were compared between the three groups.
      A total of 2266 patients were identified: 303 with normocalcemia, 1513 with moderate hypercalcemia, and 450 with severe hypercalcemia. All three groups had similar rates of nephrolithiasis (p = 0.10), osteoporosis (p = 0.82), and reduced GFR (p = 0.06). Most patients (85%) had at least one surgical indication, but only 29% underwent parathyroidectomy. Higher calcium levels were correlated with higher surgical rates: 12% for Ca 10.0-10.3, 27% for Ca 10.4-11.2, and 46% for Ca≥11.3 (p < 0.01).
      Prevalence of symptoms does not correlate with calcium levels. Patients with normocalcemia and moderate hypercalcemia were equally likely to have a surgical indication, but normocalcemic patients are less likely to receive surgery.
      PMID: 30262120 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
    • Differences in the Impact of Age on Mortality in Well-Differentiated Thyroid Cancer.

      Annals of surgical oncology 2018 Oct

      Authors: Yan H
      Well-differentiated thyroid cancer (WDTC) is unique in that patient age is part of staging. Several studies have shown a need to increase the age threshold in staging for WDTC, but the separate impact of age on prognosis for papillary and follicular carcinomas has not been examined. We hypothesize that age impacts survival differently for papillary and follicular carcinomas.
      Patients with invasive papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC) between 2004 and 2013 were identified in the National Cancer Database, and were stratified by histologic type. Overall survival (OS) was analyzed using multivariable Cox regression, and the Youden index was used to find the optimal age threshold for both histologies.
      A total of 204,139 patients with WDTC were identified. Ninety-two percent had PTC, while 7.7% had FTC. The average age was 48.4 years and OS was 96.3%, with a median follow-up of 52.7 months. When analyzing age in 5-year increments, 10-year mortality increased incrementally by 30-50% per age group for PTC, from age < 35 to ≥ 70 years, without an obvious inflection point. However, FTC patients experienced a more than threefold increase in 10-year mortality from age 40-44 years (2.5%) to age 45-49 years (7.9%). The same pattern was found on multivariable Cox regression. The Youden index found the optimal age thresholds were 58.5 years for PTC and 46.2 years for FTC.
      OS for PTC decreases incrementally with age, but OS for FTC decreases significantly in patients aged 45 years and older. A higher age threshold may inappropriately downstage some high-risk follicular cancer patients.
      PMID: 30039325 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
    • Thyroid lobectomy is not sufficient for T2 papillary thyroid cancers.

      Surgery 2018 05

      Authors: Rajjoub SR, Yan H, Calcatera NA, Kuchta K, Wang CE, Lutfi W, Moo-Young TA, Winchester DJ, Prinz RA
      Histologic subtypes of papillary thyroid cancer affect prognosis. The objective of this study was to examine whether survival is affected by extent of surgery for conventional versus follicular-variant papillary thyroid cancer when stratified by tumor size.
      Using the National Cancer Data Base, we evaluated 33,816 adults undergoing surgery for papillary thyroid cancer from 2004 to 2008 for 1.0-3.9 cm tumors and clinically negative lymph nodes. Conventional and follicular-variant papillary thyroid cancers were divided into separate groups. Cox regression models stratified by tumor size were used to determine if extent of surgery affected overall survival.
      A total of 30,981 patients had total thyroidectomy and 2,835 had thyroid lobectomy; 22,899 patients had conventional papillary thyroid cancer and 10,918 had follicular-variant papillary thyroid cancer. On unadjusted KM analysis, total thyroidectomy was associated with improved survival for conventional (P = 0.02) but not for follicular-variant papillary thyroid cancer patients (P = 0.42). For conventional papillary thyroid cancer, adjusted analysis showed total thyroidectomy was associated with improved survival for 2.0-3.9 cm tumors (P = 0.03) but not for 1.0-1.9 cm tumors (P = 0.16). For follicular-variant, lobectomy and total thyroidectomy had equivalent survival for 1.0-1.9 cm (P = 0.45) and 2.0-3.9 cm (P = 0.88) tumors.
      Tumor size, histologic subtype, and surgical therapy are important factors in papillary thyroid cancer survival. Total thyroidectomy was associated with improved survival in patients with 2.0-3.9 cm conventional papillary thyroid cancer, and should be considered for 2.0-3.9 cm papillary thyroid cancers when preoperative molecular analysis is not used to distinguish conventional from follicular-variant.
      PMID: 29426618 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

      Endocrine practice : official journal of the American College of Endocrinology and the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists 2018 Jan

      Authors: Calcatera NA, Lutfi W, Suman P, Suss NR, Wang CH, Prinz RA, Winchester DJ, Moo-Young TA
      Clinical stage (cStage) in thyroid cancer determines extent of surgical therapy and completeness of resection. Pathologic stage (pStage) is an important determinant of outcome. The rate of discordance between clinical and pathologic stage in thyroid cancer is unknown.
      The National Cancer Data Base was queried to identify 27,473 patients ≥45 years old with cStage I through IV differentiated thyroid cancer undergoing surgery from 2008-2012.
      There were 16,286 (59.3%) cStage I patients; 4,825 (17.6%) cStage II; 4,329 (15.8%) cStage III; and 2,013 (7.3%) cStage IV patients. The upstage rate was 15.1%, and the downstage rate was 4.6%. For cStage II, there was a 25.5% upstage rate. The change in cStage was a result of inaccurate T-category in 40.8%, N-category in 36.3%, and both in 22.9%. On multivariate analysis, the patients more likely to be upstaged had papillary histology, tumors 2.1 to 4 cm, total thyroidectomy, nodal surgery, positive margins, or multifocal disease. Upstaged patients received radioiodine more frequently (75.3% vs. 48.1%; P<.001).
      Approximately 20% of cStage is discordant to pStage. Certain populations are at risk for inaccurate staging, including cT2 and cN0 patients. Upstaged patients are more likely to receive radioactive iodine therapy.
      CI = confidence interval; cStage = clinical stage; DTC = differentiated thyroid cancer; NCDB = National Cancer Data Base; OR = odds ratio; pStage = pathologic stage; RAI = radioactive iodine.
      PMID: 29144811 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
    • Minimally Invasive Adrenalectomy for Adrenocortical Carcinoma: Five-Year Trends and Predictors of Conversion.

      World journal of surgery 2018 02

      Authors: Calcatera NA, Hsiung-Wang C, Suss NR, Winchester DJ, Moo-Young TA, Prinz RA
      Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is rare but often fatal. Surgery offers the only chance of cure. As minimally invasive (MI) procedures for cancer become common, their role for ACC is still debated. We reviewed usage of MI approaches for ACC over time and risk factors for conversion using a large national database.
      ACC patients with localized disease were identified in the National Cancer Data Base from 2010 to 2014. A retrospective review examined trends in the surgical approach over time. Patient demographics, surgical approach, and tumor characteristics between MI, open, and converted procedures were compared.
      588 patients underwent adrenalectomy for ACC, of which 200 were minimally invasive. From 2010 to 2014, MI operations increased from 26 to 44% with robotic procedures increasing from 5 to 16%. The use of MI operations compared to open was not different based on facility type (p = 0.40) or location (p = 0.63). MI tumors were more likely to be confined to the adrenal (p < 0.001) but final margin status was not different (p = 0.56). Conversion was performed in 38/200 (19%). Average tumor size was 10.2 cm in the converted group compared to 8.6 cm in the MI group (p = 0.09). There was no difference in extent of disease (p = 0.33), margin status (p = 0.12), or lymphovascular invasion (p = 0.59) between MI and converted procedures. Tumor size > 5 cm was the only significant predictor of conversion (p = 0.04). No patients with pathologic stage I disease required conversion (0/19).
      The frequency of MI approaches for ACC is increasing. In the final year of the study, 44% of adrenalectomies were MI. Size > 5 cm was the only significant predictor of conversion.
      PMID: 29022106 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
    • Preoperative adrenal biopsy does not affect overall survival in adrenocortical carcinoma.

      American journal of surgery 2017 Oct

      Authors: Suman P, Calcatera N, Wang CH, Moo-Young TA, Winchester DJ, Prinz RA
      The impact of preoperative biopsy on overall survival (OS) in adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is unclear. We analyzed the National Cancer Data Base (NCDB) for factors associated with preoperative adrenal biopsy and its effect on OS in ACC.
      The NCDB was queried from 2003 to 2012 for M0 ACC. Patients with or without preoperative biopsy were compared for factors associated with an increased rate of biopsy. Survival analysis was performed after adjusting for patient and tumor-related variables.
      There were 1782 patients with M0 ACC of whom 332 (19%) had a preoperative biopsy. Treatment outside academic cancer centers (OR 1.36, 95% CI 1.04-1.77, P = 0.023) and male gender (OR 1.45, 95% CI 1.11-1.88, P = 0.006) were associated with an increased rate of biopsy. In patients undergoing adrenalectomy with negative margins, biopsy failed to impact OS (log-rank P = 0.225, HR 1.20, 95% CI 0.84-1.72, P = 0.306).
      Preoperative adrenal biopsy continues to be performed for ACC with no added survival benefit. Adrenalectomy offers the best chance of survival in patients with ACC.
      PMID: 28233539 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
    • Timing of Adjuvant Radioactive Iodine Therapy Does Not Affect Overall Survival in Low- and Intermediate-Risk Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma.

      The American surgeon 2016 Sep

      Authors: Suman P, Wang CH, Moo-Young TA, Prinz RA, Winchester DJ
      There is no consensus regarding the timing of adjuvant radioactive iodine therapy (RAI) therapy in low- and intermediate-risk papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). We analyzed the impact of adjuvant RAI on overall survival (OS) in low- and intermediate-risk PTC. The National Cancer Data Base was queried from 2004 to 2011 for pN0M0 PTC patients having near/subtotal or total thyroidectomy and adjuvant RAI. Tumors ≤1 cm with negative margins were low risk while 1.1- to 4-cm tumors with negative margins or ≤1 cm with microscopic margins were termed intermediate risk. RAI in ≤3 months and between 3 and 12 months was termed as early and delayed, respectively. Survival analysis was performed after adjusting for patient and tumor-related variables. There were 7,306 low-risk and 16,609 intermediate-risk patients. Seventeen per cent low-risk and 15 per cent intermediate-risk patients had delayed RAI. Kaplan-Meier analysis did not show a difference in OS for early versus delayed RAI administration in low- (10-year OS 94.5% vs 94%, P = 0.627) or intermediate-risk (10-year OS 95.3% vs 95.9%, P = 0.944) patients. In adjusted survival analysis, RAI timing did not affect OS in all patients (hazard ratios = 0.98, 95% confidence interval = 0.71-1.34, P = 0.887). In conclusion, the timing of postthyroidectomy adjuvant RAI therapy does not affect OS in low- or intermediate-risk PTC.
      PMID: 27670568 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
    • National Trends in the Surgical Treatment of Non-advanced Medullary Thyroid Cancer (MTC): An Evaluation of Adherence with the 2009 American Thyroid Association Guidelines.

      World journal of surgery 2016 Dec

      Authors: Chang EHE, Lutfi W
      Medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) represents the third most common type of thyroid cancer, and the prognosis depends on the stage of the disease at diagnosis and completeness of tumor resection. In 2009, the American Thyroid Association (ATA) published guidelines with evidence-based recommendations for the treatment of MTC. This study aimed to determine national adherence rates of the treatment according to the ATA guidelines specific for MTC.
      Patients diagnosed with MTC from 2004 to 2013 were identified from the National Cancer Database. Guideline adherence rates for the treatment of MTC before and after the publication of ATA guidelines were analyzed and compared to determine patient and clinical variables that affected treatment.
      A total of 3693 patients diagnosed with MTC were identified. We found 60.3 % of the patients had localized MTC and 39.7 % had regional metastases. Older age, female sex and having Medicaid or being uninsured were directly correlated with more advanced disease upon diagnosis (p < 0.001). Overall, a greater proportion of patients received care in accordance with the recommendations following the ATA guidelines' publication in 2009: 61.4 % of patients treated between 2004 and 2008 versus 66.8 % of patients treated between 2009 and 2013 received care in accordance with the recommendations (p < 0.01). Factors such as older age, African American race, localized disease at diagnosis, lower estimated median zip code household income and being treated in a community versus an academic hospital were associated with a lower likelihood of receiving care in accordance with the guidelines.
      Adherence rates to the ATA recommendations for the treatment of MTC increased modestly following the publication of guidelines in 2009 with the largest increase seen in community hospitals. Being older, African American, diagnosed with localized disease and treated in a community hospital rather than in an academic institution was correlated with a lower likelihood of receiving treatment in accordance with the guidelines. Efforts should be made to continuously increase the adherence rates to the MTC ATA guidelines and to decrease socioeconomic disparities that continue to exist in the treatment of MTC.
      PMID: 27447700 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
  • In the News
    In the News

    Oct 2015