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David J. Winchester, M.D.

David J. Winchester, M.D.

David J. Winchester, M.D.

General Surgery, Surgical Oncology
  • Locations
    Locations
    A

    NorthShore Medical Group

    1000 Central St.
    Suite 800
    Evanston, IL 60201
    847.570.1700 847.503.4353 fax Get Directions This location is wheelchair accessible.
    B

    NorthShore Medical Group

    2050 Pfingsten Rd.
    Suite 130
    Glenview, IL 60026
    847.570.1700 847.503.4353 fax Get Directions This location is wheelchair accessible.
    C

    NorthShore Medical Group

    2650 Ridge Ave.
    Suite 1155
    Evanston, IL 60201
    847.570.1700 847.503.4353 fax Get Directions This location is wheelchair accessible.
    D

    NorthShore Medical Group

    2050 Pfingsten Rd.
    Suite 128
    Glenview, IL 60026
    847.570.1700 847.503.4353 fax Get Directions This location is wheelchair accessible.
  • Publications
    Publications
    • Axillary Surgery for Early-Stage, Node-Positive Mastectomy Patients and the Use of Postmastectomy Chest Wall Radiation Therapy.

      Annals of surgical oncology 2018 Apr 06

      Authors: Gaines S, Suss N, Barrera E, Pesce C, Kuchta K, Winchester DJ, Yao K
      Abstract
      We examined axillary surgery in mastectomy patients with tumor-positive nodes and how the type of axillary surgery impacted use of postmastectomy chest wall radiation therapy (PMRT).
      Using the National Cancer Data Base, we selected patients with AJCC cT1/T2c N0 breast cancer with one to three tumor-positive lymph nodes treated between 2013 and 2014. Type of axillary surgery was analyzed using the FORDS scope of regional lymph node surgery variable. Multivariable logistic regression modeling was used to identify independent predictors associated with SNB alone and the use of PMRT.
      Of 8089 patients, 2482 (30.7%) underwent SNB alone, 1339 (16.6%) underwent axillary dissection (ALND) alone, and 4268 (52.7%) underwent SNB followed by ALND. Fifty-seven percent of patients with micrometastases underwent SNB alone compared with 22.6% of patients with macrometastases. Independent predictors of SNB alone for patients with micrometastases were African American race, number of nodes positive, and PMRT. For patients with macrometastases, age, facility type and location, and PMRT were independent predictors for SNB alone. Of 2449 patients who underwent SNB alone, 1538 (62.8%) had no PMRT, 261 (10.7%) had PMRT alone, and 650 (26.5%) had PMRT with regional nodal irradiation. Patients undergoing SNB alone were 1.70 times [96% confidence interval (CI) 1.45-2.00] more likely to undergo PMRT than upfront ALND and 1.51 times (96% CI 1.34-1.71) more likely than SNB followed by ALND.
      Surgeons are omitting completion ALND in a third of early-stage, node-positive mastectomy patients. SNB alone patients are more likely to undergo PMRT than patients undergoing ALND.
      PMID: 29626303 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
    • Thyroid lobectomy is not sufficient for T2 papillary thyroid cancers.

      Surgery 2018 Feb 13

      Authors: Rajjoub SR, Yan H, Calcatera NA, Kuchta K, Wang CE, Lutfi W, Moo-Young TA, Winchester DJ, Prinz RA
      Abstract
      Histologic subtypes of papillary thyroid cancer affect prognosis. The objective of this study was to examine whether survival is affected by extent of surgery for conventional versus follicular-variant papillary thyroid cancer when stratified by tumor size.
      Using the National Cancer Data Base, we evaluated 33,816 adults undergoing surgery for papillary thyroid cancer from 2004 to 2008 for 1.0-3.9 cm tumors and clinically negative lymph nodes. Conventional and follicular-variant papillary thyroid cancers were divided into separate groups. Cox regression models stratified by tumor size were used to determine if extent of surgery affected overall survival.
      A total of 30,981 patients had total thyroidectomy and 2,835 had thyroid lobectomy; 22,899 patients had conventional papillary thyroid cancer and 10,918 had follicular-variant papillary thyroid cancer. On unadjusted KM analysis, total thyroidectomy was associated with improved survival for conventional (P = 0.02) but not for follicular-variant papillary thyroid cancer patients (P = 0.42). For conventional papillary thyroid cancer, adjusted analysis showed total thyroidectomy was associated with improved survival for 2.0-3.9 cm tumors (P = 0.03) but not for 1.0-1.9 cm tumors (P = 0.16). For follicular-variant, lobectomy and total thyroidectomy had equivalent survival for 1.0-1.9 cm (P = 0.45) and 2.0-3.9 cm (P = 0.88) tumors.
      Tumor size, histologic subtype, and surgical therapy are important factors in papillary thyroid cancer survival. Total thyroidectomy was associated with improved survival in patients with 2.0-3.9 cm conventional papillary thyroid cancer, and should be considered for 2.0-3.9 cm papillary thyroid cancers when preoperative molecular analysis is not used to distinguish conventional from follicular-variant.
      PMID: 29426618 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
    • Does adjuvant radiation provide any survival benefit after an R1 resections for pancreatic cancer?

      Surgery 2018 Jan 11

      Authors: Suss NR, Talamonti MS, Bryan DS, Wang CH, Kuchta KM, Stocker SJ, Bentrem DJ, Roggin KK, Winchester DJ, Marsh R, Prinz RA, Murad FM, Baker MS
      Abstract
      The benefit of adding external beam radiation to adjuvant chemotherapy in patients that have undergone a margin positive resection for early stage, pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma has not been determined definitively.
      The National Cancer Data Base was queried to evaluate the utility of adjuvant radiation in patients with pathologic stage I-II pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma who underwent upfront pancreatoduodenectomy with a positive margin (margin positive resection) between 2004 and 2013.
      In the study, 1,392 patients met inclusion criteria, of whom 263 (18.9%) were lymph node-negative (pathologic stages IA, IB, IIA) and 1,129 (81.1%) were node-positive (pathologic stage IIB); 938 (67.4%) patients received adjuvant radiation and chemotherapy, while 454 (32.6%) received adjuvant chemotherapy alone. Cox modeling stratified by nodal status demonstrated the benefit of radiation to be statistically significant only in node positive patients (hazard ratio 0.81, 95% confidence interval, 0.71-0.93). Node-positive patients receiving adjuvant radiation and chemotherapy had an adjusted median survival of 17.5 months vs 15.2 months for those receiving adjuvant chemotherapy alone (P=.003). In patients who had negative nodes, there was no difference in overall survival with radiation (22.5 vs 23.6 months, P=.511).
      Addition of radiation to adjuvant chemotherapy after a margin positive resection confers a survival benefit albeit limited (about 2 months) in patients with node-positive pancreatic head cancer. (Surgery 2017;160:XXX-XXX.).
      PMID: 29336810 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
    • The extent of vascular resection is associated with perioperative outcome in patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy.

      HPB : the official journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association 2018 Feb

      Authors: Kantor O, Talamonti MS, Wang CH, Roggin KK, Bentrem DJ, Winchester DJ, Prinz RA, Baker MS
      Abstract
      Few studies have examined the relation between extent of vascular resection and morbidity following pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) with vein resection (PDVR).
      Patients undergoing PD for malignancy were identified using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Project from 2006 to 2013. Current procedural terminology codes were used to characterize PDVR.
      9235 patients underwent PD, 977 (10.6%) had PDVR - 640 with direct and 224 with graft repair. PDVR had longer operative times (456 ± 136 vs 374 ± 128 min, p < 0.05) and higher intraoperative transfusions (1.8 ± 3.4 vs 4.3 ± 4.9 units, p < 0.05) than PD alone. On adjusted multivariable regression, PDVR with either direct or graft repairs was associated with higher rates of overall morbidity (OR [odds ratio] 1.50 for direct, 1.74 for graft, p < 0.05), bleeding (OR 2.18 for direct, 3.26 for graft, p < 0.05), and DVT (OR 2.12 for direct, 2.62 for graft, p < 0.05) compared to PD alone. Graft repair was further associated with increased risk of reoperation (OR 1.59), septic shock (OR 2.77) and 30-day mortality (OR 2.72), all p < 0.05.
      The risk of significant morbidity and mortality for PDVR is associated with the extent of vascular resection, with graft repairs having increased morbidity and mortality rates.
      PMID: 29191690 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
    • CONCORDANCE OF PRE-OPERATIVE CLINICAL STAGE WITH PATHOLOGIC STAGE IN PATIENTS ≥45 YEARS OLD WITH WELL-DIFFERENTIATED THYROID CANCER.

      Endocrine practice : official journal of the American College of Endocrinology and the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists 2018 Jan

      Authors: Calcatera NA, Lutfi W, Suman P, Suss NR, Wang CH, Prinz RA, Winchester DJ, Moo-Young TA
      Abstract
      Clinical stage (cStage) in thyroid cancer determines extent of surgical therapy and completeness of resection. Pathologic stage (pStage) is an important determinant of outcome. The rate of discordance between clinical and pathologic stage in thyroid cancer is unknown.
      The National Cancer Data Base was queried to identify 27,473 patients ≥45 years old with cStage I through IV differentiated thyroid cancer undergoing surgery from 2008-2012.
      There were 16,286 (59.3%) cStage I patients; 4,825 (17.6%) cStage II; 4,329 (15.8%) cStage III; and 2,013 (7.3%) cStage IV patients. The upstage rate was 15.1%, and the downstage rate was 4.6%. For cStage II, there was a 25.5% upstage rate. The change in cStage was a result of inaccurate T-category in 40.8%, N-category in 36.3%, and both in 22.9%. On multivariate analysis, the patients more likely to be upstaged had papillary histology, tumors 2.1 to 4 cm, total thyroidectomy, nodal surgery, positive margins, or multifocal disease. Upstaged patients received radioiodine more frequently (75.3% vs. 48.1%; P<.001).
      Approximately 20% of cStage is discordant to pStage. Certain populations are at risk for inaccurate staging, including cT2 and cN0 patients. Upstaged patients are more likely to receive radioactive iodine therapy.
      CI = confidence interval; cStage = clinical stage; DTC = differentiated thyroid cancer; NCDB = National Cancer Data Base; OR = odds ratio; pStage = pathologic stage; RAI = radioactive iodine.
      PMID: 29144811 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
    • Minimally Invasive Adrenalectomy for Adrenocortical Carcinoma: Five-Year Trends and Predictors of Conversion.

      World journal of surgery 2018 02

      Authors: Calcatera NA, Hsiung-Wang C, Suss NR, Winchester DJ, Moo-Young TA, Prinz RA
      Abstract
      Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is rare but often fatal. Surgery offers the only chance of cure. As minimally invasive (MI) procedures for cancer become common, their role for ACC is still debated. We reviewed usage of MI approaches for ACC over time and risk factors for conversion using a large national database.
      ACC patients with localized disease were identified in the National Cancer Data Base from 2010 to 2014. A retrospective review examined trends in the surgical approach over time. Patient demographics, surgical approach, and tumor characteristics between MI, open, and converted procedures were compared.
      588 patients underwent adrenalectomy for ACC, of which 200 were minimally invasive. From 2010 to 2014, MI operations increased from 26 to 44% with robotic procedures increasing from 5 to 16%. The use of MI operations compared to open was not different based on facility type (p = 0.40) or location (p = 0.63). MI tumors were more likely to be confined to the adrenal (p < 0.001) but final margin status was not different (p = 0.56). Conversion was performed in 38/200 (19%). Average tumor size was 10.2 cm in the converted group compared to 8.6 cm in the MI group (p = 0.09). There was no difference in extent of disease (p = 0.33), margin status (p = 0.12), or lymphovascular invasion (p = 0.59) between MI and converted procedures. Tumor size > 5 cm was the only significant predictor of conversion (p = 0.04). No patients with pathologic stage I disease required conversion (0/19).
      The frequency of MI approaches for ACC is increasing. In the final year of the study, 44% of adrenalectomies were MI. Size > 5 cm was the only significant predictor of conversion.
      PMID: 29022106 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
    • Orthotopic liver transplantation provides a survival advantage compared with resection in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and preserved liver function.

      Surgery 2017 11

      Authors: Liu JB, Baker TB, Suss NR, Talamonti MS, Roggin KK, Winchester DJ, Baker MS
      Abstract
      Prior studies comparing the efficacy of orthotopic liver transplantation to resection in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma have not controlled for underlying severity of liver disease.
      Patients with stage I to III hepatocellular carcinoma and preserved liver function (model for end-stage liver disease <12) who underwent resection or orthotopic liver transplantation between 2010 and 2013 were identified from the National Cancer Database. Short-term (30- and 90-day) and overall survival were assessed from 1:1 propensity score-matched cohorts based on patient and tumor characteristics.
      During the period studied, 689 (28%) underwent orthotopic liver transplantation, and 1,774 (72%) patients underwent resection. Propensity score matching yielded 374 undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation matched to 374 patients undergoing resection. Rates of 30-day mortality (01.9% vs 0.8%, respectively; P = .34) and 90-day mortality (3.5% vs 2.1%, P = .38) were not different between matched cohorts. Orthotopic liver transplantation did, however, result in a greater overall survival compared with resection (median overall survival not reached versus 4.5 years; P = .01). On multivariable Cox regression, resection was associated with a 67% greater likelihood of overall mortality compared with orthotopic liver transplantation (hazard ratio 1.67; 95% confidence interval, 1.15-2.43).
      For patients diagnosed with hepatocellular carcinoma in the context of preserved liver function, orthotopic liver transplantation was associated with a significant improvement in overall survival relative to resection.
      PMID: 28866312 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
    • Laparoscopic Distal Pancreatectomy for Cancer Provides Oncologic Outcomes and Overall Survival Identical to Open Distal Pancreatectomy.

      Journal of gastrointestinal surgery : official journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract 2017 Oct

      Authors: Kantor O, Bryan DS, Talamonti MS
      Abstract
      Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (LDP) has been shown to provide short-term clinical outcomes similar to open distal pancreatectomy (ODP) for patients with benign tumors. Our aim was to better define oncologic outcomes and long-term survival profiles following LDP for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC).
      We queried the National Cancer Database to identify patients with pathologic stage I-III PDAC who underwent distal pancreatectomy between 2010 and 2013. Logistic regression was performed to examine predictors of oncologic outcomes. Cox modeling was used for survival analysis and to estimate median overall survival (OS).
      One thousand five hundred fifty-four patients were included in the analysis. Patients undergoing LDP and ODP demonstrated identical probabilities of an adequate lymph node sampling and 90-day mortality. Those undergoing LDP demonstrated an increased probability of margin-negative resection (OR 1.78, CI 1.25-2.52) and a decreased probability of a prolonged hospital stay (OR 0.55, CI 0.32-0.95) or readmission (OR 0.56, CI 0.33-0.95) relative to those undergoing ODP. There was no difference in OS between groups (29.6 vs. 23.8 months, p = 0.10).
      LDP is an effective modality for managing resectable cancer in the pancreatic body and tail. LDP provides short-term oncologic outcomes and long-term OS rates identical to those for ODP while affording an accelerated recovery.
      PMID: 28766272 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
    • Clinical accuracy of preoperative breast MRI for breast cancer.

      Journal of surgical oncology 2017 Jun

      Authors: Tseng J
      Abstract
      It is unclear if breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is more accurate than mammography (MGM) and ultrasound (U/S) in aggregate for patients with invasive cancer.
      We compared concordance of combined tumor size and tumor foci between MRI and MGM and U/S combined to pathological tumor size and foci as the gold standard from 2009 to 2015. Tumor size was nonconcordant if it differed from the pathologic size by ≥33% and tumor foci was nonconcordant if >1 foci were seen. If one or both of the MGM or U/S was nonconcordant and the MRI was concordant, MRI provided greater accuracy.
      Of 471 patients with MGM, US, and MRI, MRI was more accurate for 32.9% of patients for tumor size and for 21.9% for tumor foci. Patients for whom MRI had greater accuracy were compared to those who did not for clinical and tumor factors. The only significant factor was calcifications on mammography. Tumor size, stage, molecular subtype, histology, grade, patient BMI, age, mammographic density, and use of hormone replacement therapy were not significantly different.
      Breast MRI provides greater accuracy for a third of patients undergoing preoperative MGM and U/S. Mammographic calcifications were associated with MRI clinical accuracy for patients with invasive cancer.
      PMID: 28409837 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
    • Erratum to: Impact of an In-visit Decision Aid on Patient Knowledge about Contralateral Prophylactic Mastectomy: A Pilot Study.

      Annals of surgical oncology 2017 Dec

      Authors:
      Abstract
      PMID: 28349337 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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