What is an Ultrasound of the Pelvis?

This is a noninvasive procedure that uses sound waves to produce pictures of the organs and other structures in the lower abdomen or pelvis.   

There are 2 types of pelvic ultrasound: 

  • Abdominal (transabdominal) 
  • Vaginal (transvaginal) 

What to expect?

The procedure usually takes 30 to 45 minutes.  A clear gel is applied to the area of the body being studied to help the transducer make secure contact with the body and eliminate air pockets between the transducer and the skin.  The technologist then presses the transducer firmly against the skin and sweeps it back and forth over the area of interest.  

Transvaginal ultrasound is performed very much like a gynecologic exam and involves the insertion of the transducer, a thin sterile probe placed in a lubricated condom, into the vagina after the patient empties her bladder. 

What are some of the common uses? 

Ultrasound of the pelvis is typically used to:       

  • Diagnose symptoms experienced by woman such as pelvic pain, abnormal bleeding and other menstrual problems 
  • Help identify palpable masses such as ovarian cysts and uterine fibroids  
  • Help identify ovarian or uterine cancers 

A transvaginal ultrasound is used to: 

  • View the lining of the uterus (endometrium) and measure it’s thickness 
  • View the ovaries 
  • Evaluate the muscular walls of the uterus called the myometrium. 

What to do?

You will be instructed to drink about 32 ounces of water 90 minutes before your scheduled exam.  Please arrive for the exam with a relatively full bladder for the transabdominal portion of the exam.  You will be asked to empty your bladder before the transvaginal portion of the study.  Exact instructions will be given when you schedule your exam. 

How will I learn the results?

A specialized body imaging radiologist will review and analyze the images and send a signed report to your primary care or referring physician, who will discuss the results with you. 

Schedule an Appointment

To schedule an appointment, please call 888.364.6400.

× Alternate Text