A tubal ligation ("having your tubes tied") is a type of surgery for women that permanently prevents pregnancy (sterilization). During a tubal ligation, the fallopian tubes are closed to prevent fertilization; this blocks the sperms' path to the egg.

The fallopian tubes can be cut, clamped closed, or tied off, or the ends may be sealed by applying heat (cautery).

Current as of: May 22, 2015

Author: Healthwise Staff

Medical Review: Sarah Marshall, MD - Family Medicine & Femi Olatunbosun, MB, FRCSC - Obstetrics and Gynecology