Interventional radiology procedures for patients with cancer include approaches for treatment, relieving symptoms and diagnosing cancer without surgical biopsy. Treatments include but are not limited to:
The abdominal cavity contains many organs such as the intestines, liver, stomach, spleen, and kidneys. The contents of the abdomen are bathed in several tablespoons of fluid to help prevent friction between these organs during breathing and regular activity.
Cells lining the peritoneum continually produce fluid that is then filtered and drained by the lymphatic channels. Excessive build up of fluid in the abdomen is called ascites, and is caused by several different processes. Damage to the liver, tumor involvement in the abdominal cavity, and /or disruption of lymphatic channels can all result in accumulation of ascites. Diet modification and diuretics can help diminish ascites in limited cases. An Interventional Radiologist and your Oncologist can diagnose which type of ascites you have and offer you the appropriate treatments and therapies.
Malignant Pleural Effusions
The thorax (chest) is divided into three separate compartments: one compartment contains the right lung, the middle compartment contains the heart and great vessels, and the third compartment contains the left lung. Each lung is normally bathed in a few tablespoons of fluid that allow respiration to occur without friction.
The fluid is monitored, filtered, and drained partially by lymphatic channels. When those channels become blocked by tumor cells, fluid can build up and compress the lung, making breathing difficult. Fluid can accumulate around one or both lungs, depending on where the blockage occurs. Interventional Radiology has several procedures that can help to diagnose and treat malignant pleural effusions.