Knee Replacement Surgery

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Normal knee joint
Normal knee joint
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Inside a normal knee joint, thick cushioning (cartilage) covers and protects the ends of your bones. This is called hyaline cartilage. Another type of cartilage, called meniscal cartilage or meniscus, acts like a shock absorber between the bones and keeps the knee joint stable by spreading out the load evenly across the joint. The two menisci (plural of meniscus) protect and cushion the surface of the joint and the ends of your bones.

Osteoarthritis of the knee
Knee joint with osteoarthritis
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In osteoarthritis, the cartilage that protects and cushions the knee joint breaks down over time. As the cartilage wears down, the bone surfaces rub against each other. This damages the tissue and bone, causing pain. Osteoarthritis is common in the knee joints.

Femoral component is placed
Knee replacement surgery: Femoral component
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Removal of damaged cartilage from the lower end of the femur and placement of the femoral component

Tibial component is placed
Knee replacement surgery: Tibial component
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Removal of damaged cartilage from the upper end of the tibia and placement of the tibial component

Patellar component is placed
Knee replacement surgery: Patellar component
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Removal of damaged cartilage from the patella and placement of the patellar component

Knee replacement surgery is complete
Completed knee replacement surgery
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Completed knee replacement

ByHealthwise Staff
Primary Medical ReviewerAnne C. Poinier, MD - Internal Medicine
Specialist Medical ReviewerKenneth J. Koval, MD - Orthopedic Surgery, Orthopedic Trauma

Current as ofNovember 14, 2014

Current as of: November 14, 2014

Author: Healthwise Staff

Medical Review: Anne C. Poinier, MD - Internal Medicine & Kenneth J. Koval, MD - Orthopedic Surgery, Orthopedic Trauma