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Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is a type of test that can
identify specific types of genetic material (DNA) in a small sample.
PCR is useful for many purposes, such as for:
PCR works by taking a small sample containing DNA and using
an enzyme called a polymerase to make many copies of that DNA. The process of
copying the DNA is done in cycles that are repeated up to 30 times or more.
Millions or even billions of copies of the DNA may be made during PCR.
Current as of:
June 4, 2014
E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine & W. Thomas London, MD - Hepatology
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