« Previous Page

Congenital Heart Defects

Congenital Heart Defects

Congenital heart defects are structural heart problems or abnormalities that have been present since birth.

Congenital heart defects usually have no known cause. In some cases, they may be passed from a parent to a child (inherited). They also may occur in the developing baby (fetus) of a woman who has an infection or who is exposed to radiation or other toxic substances during her pregnancy.

Having a congenital heart defect increases the risk for complications, such as heart failure, endocarditis, atrial fibrillation, and heart valve problems.

Most congenital heart defects are detected shortly after birth, although some are not discovered for years. Some defects are severe enough to cause death. Some resolve on their own and may not need any treatment. Babies with large or complex defects usually require surgery. Many children with corrected heart defects go on to lead normal lives. But they usually require lifelong monitoring of their condition.

Last Revised: September 6, 2013

Author: Healthwise Staff

Medical Review: John Pope, MD - Pediatrics & Larry A. Latson, MD - Pediatric Cardiology

This information does not replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise, Incorporated disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information. Your use of this information means that you agree to the Terms of Use. How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.

© 1995-2014 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.

× Alternate Text