To prevent heart disease or stroke, patients should be routinely assessed for their general risk of cardiovascular disease beginning at age 20.  American Heart Association Guidelines for primary heart disease prevention and stroke also recommends that physicians calculate the risk of developing cardiovascular disease for people age 40 and older or for anyone who has multiple risk factors.

With over 25% of the United States population suffering from heart related problems, it is important to know how you can prevent heart attacks and other heart diseases.  One heart disease prevention method  is to follow a heart-healthy diet.  Aside from a healthy diet and regular exercise, there are other, more unusual ways you can maintain a healthy heart.

Risk factor screening for heart attack prevention includes:

  • Blood Pressure
  • Body Mass Index
  • Waist circumference and pulse at least every two years
  • Cholesterol profile and glucose testing at least every five years beginning at age 20

Risk factors that can't be changed:

  • Increasing age
  • Heredity

Risk factors for heart disease prevention include:

  • Exposure to tobacco smoke
  • High blood pressure
  • Obesity and overweight
  • High blood cholesterol
  • Physical inactivity
  • Diabetes

Other factors that can contribute to heart disease risk:

  • Stress
  • Drinking too much alcohol

Tools to help heart attack prevention:

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