The following should be performed every 3 months:
- A physician office visit
- A1c blood test - This blood test measures the average blood sugar over the past 3 – 4 months. The goal is below 7%.
- Blood pressure - The goal is below 130/80
- Foot check - This should also be done daily at home
The following should be performed once a year:
- Lipid profile - This includes cholesterol, HDL, LDL, triglycerides
- Microalbumin/creatinine urine test - More frequent tests are needed when the results are abnormal
- Dilated eye exam by an ophthalmologist
- Flu shot
- Dental exam - Preferably twice a year
- Self monitoring of blood glucose on a regular basis helps to evaluate diabetes control.
- Lowering of the A1c has been associated with a reduction in diabetes complications.
- Working with a diabetes educator will help with diabetes self-management.
- Keep your doctor visits even if your diabetes appears to be well controlled.