The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced in 2013 that it plans to label partially hydrogenated oils (PHO’s),
which are the primary dietary source of trans fats, as not generally recognized as safe for use in food. This relabeling of trans fats is just the first move in a process that will likely lead to a ban on trans fats in the U.S. food supply.
Trans fat first entered the American food supply in 1911 in the form of Crisco shortening. Fairly early in its history, preliminary studies show that trans fats could be more harmful than other fats. Later studies confirmed this finding, indicating that
trans fat contributed to heart disease. While their presence has already been greatly reduced in the food supply, trans fats can still be found in many processed foods, like frozen pizzas, microwave popcorn, baked goods, margarine and store-bought icings.
Philip Krause, MD, Director for the Section of Cardiology at NorthShore Skokie Hospital, explains why doctors have long urged their
patients to stay away from trans fats:
Notably, manufacturers have made steps to reduce fat levels in many foods and products. Since 2006, after which food labels reported trans fat content, intake of this substance has dropped significantly.
It is hoped, after the FDA finalizes its preliminary determination, PHO’s would be considered as “food additives” and could only be used with prior authorization. The primary goal and hope is that with better consumer education and these changes in product
and food manufacturing, Americans can look forward to much healthier life ahead.
Routine blood work can be done to test whether or not you have high cholesterol. The challenge for many lies in determining
what the numbers mean and what risks you may be at for developing other health conditions, including heart disease.
This blood work measures three different components:
The general standard for healthy levels state your LDL should optimally be below 100, HDL should be above 40 for men and above 50 for women, and your triglycerides value should stay below 150. So what can you do if your levels are a little high?
Jeffrey Marogil, MD, Cardiologist at NorthShore, offers the following suggestions for keeping your cholesterol in check:
Do you know what your cholesterol levels are? Have you made any changes in your diet or lifestyle to reduce them?