A mutation found in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes puts women at an increased risk for developing breast and ovarian cancer. After learning that both her aunt and mother had the BRCA1 mutation, Sivan Schondorf was tested for the mutation
at 24 years old and discovered that she was also positive. She began frequent surveillance for breast and ovarian cancer immediately. At 28, when she felt that surveillance was no longer enough, she opted to take control of her risk and undergo a preventative,
nipple-sparing mastectomy with reconstruction at NorthShore.
With BRCA1 and BRCA2 in the news, she shares her story so that other women know how to find the correct information about their risks and options.
What were your initial thoughts when
you learned you tested positive for the BRCA1/BRCA2 gene mutation?
I was sad and worried to learn I had a BRCA 1 mutation, but I was able to push a lot of that fear aside because I was still years away from the recommended surgery time. I was
24 years old at the time.
What prompted you to get tested for this mutation? And then why did you decide to undergo a risk-reducing, nipple-sparing mastectomy with reconstruction. My maternal aunt had what is now known as a triple
negative BRCA1 breast cancer that metastasized and resulted in her passing before she was 50 years old. Our family OBGYN, Dr. Robert
Lapata, had good instincts and recommended that she test for the BRCA mutation. The red flags being that she had a cancer that was premenopausal and aggressive, and that she was of Ashkenazi Jewish descent.
This was in 2000, so it wasn't
something any of us had heard of. Once my aunt tested positive for the mutation, my mother found out she had the mutation as well. I was subsequently tested in 2005 and with a positive result, I opted for surveillance. At 24, I thought I was years away from
any possible surgical interventions; however, after only after three years of surveillance, I felt the threat of cancer looming. I realized that surveillance wasn't protecting me; it was only enabling me to discover it at an early stage. The only way
to significantly lower my risk was mastectomy, so I scheduled my surgery for the next year, which was around my 28th birthday.
The nipple-sparing one-step was the best option for me because it required less surgery than having expansion over time. I
was also comfortable keeping my nipples because, aside from the more natural, aesthetic result, research shows that keeping one's nipples is safe as long as the surgery is done preventatively rather than when cancer is present.
this decision impacted your life? In the very short-term, I felt different from my friends because I was thinking about things that women my age don’t normally have to think about. My thoughts were often on my situation. Five years later,
as a working mother and wife, I hardly ever think about it, except at my yearly clinical exam. It's something from my past that I faced head on.
I’m so much more comfortable now that my risk for breast cancer is so much lower. I do still
monitor my ovaries at least twice a year. I have not yet pursued surgical intervention because I’m not done having children and do no feel the cost-benefit of beginning menopause at 31 is worthwhile. I’m looking at having an oopherectomy by age
It’s been a few years since you had this surgery. How are you doing? I'm great! Having a baby (and now expecting my second) has done far more to change my body than the mastectomy did. I don't regret it for
a second. I would do anything to improve my chances of being around to see my children grow. I want to be there for them as long as I possibly can. Clearly, Angelina Jolie felt the same way, and I’m proud to have been one of her trail blazers!
advice would give to women who are at an increased risk of developing breast cancer? Every woman comes to a decision and place of acceptance differently. We all have different perceptions of our bodies and what we can and can't live without.
Some have lost mothers due to this mutation and some find out about BRCA unexpectedly, without even knowing about the elevated risk of cancer in their families.
Each woman must decide what level of risk she can live with. After watching my Aunt Linda
die so quickly from this insidious disease, and also having my mother as a role model for me when she had her surgery, I decided that surgery at an early age was right for me. It doesn't mean its right for everyone.
The most important thing
is for women to have the most accurate information, which they can get from genetic counselors and doctors. They should also seek support from the local BRCA community so they can make informed decisions and have the emotional support that a community can
provide. FORCE (Facing our Risk of Cancer Empowered) has provided my family with that support, and we try to give back to our community as much as possible.
Is there any other information you’d like to share? I filmed my
surgery process at NorthShore’s Evanston Hospital and at home in order to help empower other women and to make the experience more meaningful for myself. Because I'm not a filmmaker, I have not yet been able to edit the hours of footage. Seeing
Angelina Jolie come out to the public has reignited my passion to finish this short film, which I hope will help other women.