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Everyone gets a
cold from time to time. Children get more colds than adults.
usually last 1 to 2 weeks. You can catch a cold at any time of year, but they
are more common in late winter and early spring.
There is no cure
for a cold.
Antibiotics will not cure a cold. If you catch a cold,
treat the symptoms.
Lots of different viruses
cause colds, but the symptoms are usually the same:
You will probably feel a cold come on over the course of
a couple of days. As the cold gets worse, your nose may get stuffy with thicker
A cold is not the same as the
flu (influenza). Flu symptoms are worse and come on faster. If you
have the flu, you may feel very tired. You may also have a fever and shaking
chills, lots of aches and pains, a headache, and a cough.
feel like you have a cold all the time, or if cold symptoms last more than 2
weeks, you may have allergies or sinusitis. Call your doctor.
Good home treatment of
a cold can help you feel better. When you get a cold:
You may decide to try a cough, cold, or allergy medicine for your symptoms. Be safe with medicines. Read and follow all instructions on the label. Don't take cold medicine that uses several drugs to treat
different symptoms. For example, don't take medicine that contains both a
decongestant for a stuffy nose and a cough medicine. Treat each symptom on its
Be careful with cold medicines. They may not be safe for young children, so check the label first. If you do give these medicines to a child, always follow the directions about how much to give based on the child's age and weight. For more information, see Quick Tips: Giving Over-the-Counter Medicines to Children.
Some people try complementary or alternative medicines to prevent colds or to shorten their cold
symptoms. Before using any treatment for your cold symptoms, it is important to
consider the risks and benefits of the treatment. For more information, see the
Complementary Medicine. Some of the medicines being studied are:
If you decide to use an alternative medicine or supplement,
follow these precautions:
Call your doctor
There are several
things you can do to help prevent colds:
Singh M, Das RR (2011). Zinc for the common cold. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (3).
Davidson TM, Smith WM (2010). The Bradford Hill criteria and zinc-induced anosmia: A causality analysis. Archives of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery, 136(7): 673–676.
Current as of:
January 24, 2014
William H. Blahd, Jr., MD, FACEP - Emergency Medicine
& David Messenger, MD
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