Pediatricians are medical doctors who specialize in the care of children.

Pediatricians can treat children who have any type of problem, or they may specialize in specific areas, such as:

  • Adolescent medicine (conditions and diseases common to teenagers).
  • Cardiology (diseases and conditions of the heart and blood vessels).
  • Developmental disorders (behavior, communication, and mental disorders in children).
  • Endocrinology (diseases of the endocrine glands, which regulate hormones).
  • Gastroenterology (diseases of the digestive system).
  • Infectious disease (complex infections).
  • Nephrology (diseases of the kidney and urinary system).
  • Oncology (cancer).

Pediatricians can be board-certified through the Board of Pediatrics, which is recognized by the American Board of Medical Specialties.

Current as of: November 14, 2014

Author: Healthwise Staff

Medical Review: Anne C. Poinier, MD - Internal Medicine & E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine