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Diabetes is a condition that affects how insulin is produced and used
in the body. Insulin is a hormone that controls blood sugar. When you have
diabetes, your body does not produce enough insulin or can't use it
properly. Over time, this condition can speed up the hardening and narrowing
(atherosclerosis) of the coronary arteries. This results
in coronary artery disease.
People who have diabetes are 4 times more likely to have coronary artery disease than people who do not have diabetes.1
If you have diabetes and coronary artery disease, there are things you can do to help lower your risk of a heart attack or stroke. Manage your diabetes and have a healthy lifestyle. Be active. Take medicines to lower blood pressure and cholesterol, and don't smoke.2
Greenland P, et al. (2010). 2010 ACCF/AHA guideline for assessment of cardiovascular risk in asymptomatic adults: A report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 56(25): e50–e103.
Smith SC, et al. (2011). AHA/ACCF secondary prevention and risk reduction therapy for patients with coronary and other atherosclerotic vascular disease: 2011 update: A guideline from the American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology Foundation. Circulation, 124(22): 2458–2473. Also available online: http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/124/22/2458.full.
Current as of:
March 12, 2014
Rakesh K. Pai, MD, FACC - Cardiology, Electrophysiology
& Robert A. Kloner, MD, PhD - Cardiology
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