Exercise is an important part of a cardiac rehabilitation program. Combining
exercise with other lifestyle changes, such as eating a balanced diet and
stopping smoking, reduces the risk of future heart problems.
Riding a stationary bike,
walking on a treadmill, and resistance training (working with weights) are
types of exercise you may do during cardiac rehabilitation (rehab).
You will likely do aerobic exercise, strength training, and flexibility exercises. During
recovery and then rehab, your exercise program will be specifically
designed for you. It might progress from a supervised program monitored
by an exercise physiologist or other qualified professional to an independent,
You will be taught to check how hard you are
working when you exercise. You will be taught to check your heart rate or your
exercise level known as a rating of perceived exertion (RPE). It is important
to keep your heart rate from getting too high. Your doctor will tell you how
fast your heart rate should be with exercise. Self-monitoring is often used
during the last stage of a rehab program, when you continue your cardiac rehab
on your own without close supervision.
Everyone can benefit from exercise. But if you are recovering
from a heart attack or have other heart disease, the benefits of exercise will
be even greater than for most people. Cardiac rehab programs are designed to
restore and help you keep your physical function. Whether your goal is to return to
work as soon as possible, live a more active lifestyle, or achieve a level of
independence to increase the quality of your life, exercise must be a regular
part of your routine.
You can benefit from exercise
whether you exercise at a high intensity for just a short time or at a low
intensity for a longer period of time. If, for example, you are a person who
finds exercising difficult, you still can obtain the benefits of regular
exercise simply by walking.
Cardiac rehab exercises can:
Exercise can also improve your quality of life, endurance,
and muscle strength. After a few months of exercise in a cardiac rehab program,
you can increase your ability to exercise. Your daily activities (such as
carrying groceries) will be easier to do. You may also have an
improved sense of wellness, because exercise can help alleviate depression,
stress, and anxiety.
Your heart is a muscle with fibers that allow it to contract and
pump blood. Like other muscles in your body, your heart will respond to
exercise. When a muscle is used during exercise, the fibers inside it become
stronger and more efficient. Increasing your heart rate during aerobic exercise
not only strengthens the heart itself but also helps more blood circulate
through your body. Blood contains oxygen and nutrients that increase the health
and efficiency of many of your body's important systems.
There are many other physical and mental benefits of aerobic
exercise for cardiac rehab.
Exercise also has specific benefits for your body's functions,
Strength training has many benefits for
you during your recovery and rehabilitation.
September 27, 2012
Rakesh K. Pai, MD, FACC - Cardiology, Electrophysiology
& John A. McPherson, MD, FACC, FSCAI - Cardiology
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