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Coronary artery disease (CAD) is one type of heart disease
that occurs when the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart muscle
(coronary arteries) are narrowed or blocked. This narrowing or blockage is most
often caused by the buildup of fat (cholesterol) and calcium inside the walls
of the arteries leading to the heart. This process is called atherosclerosis,
or hardening of the arteries. The buildup of fat and calcium inside the
arteries is called a plaque.
Current as of:
March 12, 2014
Rakesh K. Pai, MD, FACC - Cardiology, Electrophysiology & Robert A. Kloner, MD, PhD - Cardiology
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