Below are diseases & conditions associated with the esophagus. Your physician may recommend a procedure to diagnose or treat your condition.

AchalasiaThe muscle between the esophagus and stomach fails to relax which then does not allow food to pass through.

Barrett's EsophagusA result of chronic gastroesophageal reflux (GERD). May lead to esophageal cancer.  

Caustic Injury: Ingestion of chemicals that result in injury to the esophagus.

Diffuse Esophageal SpasmA motility disorder of unknown cause and pathophysiology. 

Diverticula: Outpouchings of one or more layers of the esophageal wall.

Esophageal Varices: Dilated veins in the esophagus that may bleed. May be seen in patients with cirrhosis. Other causes may be chronic hepatitis, portal vein thrombosis and congenital disorder such as biliary atresia.

Foreign Bodies: Substances that are unable to pass into the stomach.

Gastroparesis (Delayed Gastric Empyting): A disorder in which the stomach takes too long to empty its contents.

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD): Develops when gastric or duodenal contents flow back into the esophagus.  Symptoms include dyspepsia (epigastric discomfort or pain), heartburn (pyrosis) and regurgitation.   

Mallory-Weiss TearsA mucosal tear at the gastroesophageal junction. It is associated with prolonged, forceful vomiting, trauma, childbirth or complications of EGD. 

Motility Disorders: Include achalasiadiffuse esophageal spasm, dysphagia, and nutcracker esophagus.

Nutcracker Esophagus: An abnormality in which swallowing contractions are too powerful. In up to half of patients, this condition is caused by gastroesophageal reflux.

Rings and Webs: Thin circumferential mucosal shelves within the esophagus. Webs consist of mucosa and submucosa, whereas rings, which are usually thicker than webs, consist of mucosa and muscle. 

Stricture: A narrowing of the esophageal wall. It is difficult for food to pass through the channel. 

Tumor: A growth or mass that may be the result of chronic or persistent reflux, or excessive smoking or drinking.

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